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Reading Writing Lab

APA Citations: Electronic Media


  1. Author's Name
  2. Date of Publication
  3. Title of the Publication or Periodical
  4. Series Number or Name
  5. Volume Number (for a scholarly journal)
  6. Issue Number
  7. Page Numbers


    *All cases and examples are taken from Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, Fifth Edition.*

    An Abstract:

    Last Name, First Name. (Year). Title of abstract (Title of Report). Abstract retrieved Month, Day, Year, from Web Address Kruschke, J. K., & Bradley, A. L. (1995). Extensions to the delta rule of associative learning (Indiana University Cognitive Science Research Report No. 14). Abstract retrieved October 21, 2000, from

    An Article or Abstract from a Database:

    Last Name, First Name. (Year, Month, Day). Title of article. Title of Magazine, Issue Number, page numbers(s). Kandel, E. R., & Squire, L. R. (2000, November 10). Neuroscience: Breaking down scientific barriers to the study of brain and mind. Science, 290, 1113-1120.

    A Data File:

    From a Government Agency

    National Health Interview Survey -- Current health topics: 1991 -- Longitudinal study of aging (Version 4) [Data File]. Hyattsville, MD: National Center for Health Statistics.

    From NTIS Web Site

    Department of Health and Human Services, National Center for Health Statistics. (1991). National Health Provider Inventory: Home health agencies and hospices, 1991 [Data file]. Available from National Technical Information Service Web site,

    A Journal Article:

    Last Name, First Name. (Year). Title of article [Electronic Version]. Title of Journal, volume, page number(s).

    Based on a Print Source

    VandenBos, G., Knapp, S., & Doe, J. (2001). Role of reference elements in the selection of resources by psychology undergraduates [Electronic version]. Journal of Bibliographic Research, 5, 117-123.

    An Internet-only Journal

    Fredrickson, B. L. (2000, March 7). Cultivating positive emotions to optimize health and well-being. Prevention & Treatment, 3, Article 0001a. Retrieved November 20, 2000, from

    A Newsletter Article:

    Last name, First name. (Year, Month). Title of article. Title of Publication, Volume(Issue). Retrieved Month Day, Year, from web address Glueckauf, R. L., Whitton, J., Baxer, J., Kain, J., Vogelgesang, S., Hudson, M., et al. (1998, July). Video counseling for families of rural teens with epilepsy -- Project update. Telehealth News, 2(2). Retrieved June 6, 2000, from

    A Non-Periodical Document:

    Created by a Private Organization

    Greater New Milford (Ct) Are Healthy Community 2000, Task Force on Teen and Adolescent Issues. (n.d.). Who has time for a family meal? You do! Retrieved October 5, 2000, from

    Available on University Program or Department Website

    Chou, L., McClintock, R., Moretti, F., & Nix, D. H. (1993). Technology and education: New wine in new bottles: Choosing pasts and imagining educational futures. Retrieved August 24, 2000, from Columbia University, Institute for Learning Technologies Web site:

    An Online Forum or Discussion Group:

    Last Name, First Name. (Year). Title of post [Message number]. Message posted to web address. Simons, D. J. (2000, July 14). New resources for visual cognition [Msg 31]. Message posted to

    A Technical or Research Report:

    U.S. Government report Available on Government Agency Web Site

    United States Sentencing Commission. (n.d.). 1997 sourcebook of federal sentencing statistics. Retrieved December 8, 1999, from